Introduction to Haryana State
Haryana is the 20th state of India that came into being on 1st November 1966 and presently has 21 districts. Previously it was under Punjab. It is situated in the North Western region surrounded by Himachal Pradesh from North, Uttrakhand from North East, Rajasthan from the South, U.P and Delhi from East and Punjab from North West. The largest district of Haryana is Bhiwani while Panchkula is the smallest district. Panchkula, along with Mohali and Chandigarh is called Tricity. The capital of Haryana is shared by its neighbouring state Punjab and is Chandigarh, designed by Swiss born French architect, Le Corbusier.
History of Haryana
Haryana is thought be the originator of Bharat dynasty upon which our country’s name is quoted. The famous battle between Kauravas and Pandavas was fought in Kurukshetra. Haryana’s description has also been mentioned in Vedic Literature. In the past, Haryana was also called Brahmavart Pradesh, Brahmarishi Pradesh and Uttarvedi of Brahma.
Geography of Haryana
Haryana is situated 270-39’ N to 300-55’-5” N latitude and 74o-27’-8” E to 77o-36’-5” E at an height of 250 to 300 meters above the sea level. Haryana is divided into four physicals divisions namely: Shivalik Hills, Plainy areas, Sandy areas and dry areas of Aravalli Ranges. Since Haryana is situated in the foothills of himlayas so the climate in winters is extremely cold and even touches 0 degrees but the summers here are extremely hot and the temperature goes above 40 degrees sometimes touching even 47 degrees. Haryana consist of eight rivers with ghaggar and Yamuna being the main rivers of state.
Famous personalities of Haryana
Though Haryana has given India many famous persons but few to be named are Indian cricketer Kapil Dev, Astronaut Kalpana Chawla. List of freedom fighters who represented Haryana are Babu Dayal Sharma, Heera Singh, Lala Shayam Lal, Dr.Madhoram etc.
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